The crisis at the Korean Peninsula has been going on for decades. For years, the North Korean government has been trying to develop its own nuclear weapons. The country has been developing the weapons with the goal of protecting itself from South Korea, which is backed by the United States.
In September 2017, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) passed the UNSCR 2371 and 2375 providing for more sanctions on North Korea. These sanctions were aimed at preventing the North Korean regime from developing nuclear weapons, which is illegal according to the United Nations.
In June this year, the European Union announced that it had renewed its autonomous sanctions on individuals and entities. The sanctions on individuals and entities were put in place for “contributing to the DPRK’s nuclear-related, ballistic -missile-related or other weapons of mass destruction-related programs or for sanctions evasion”.
In the same month, the EU published a comprehensive list of goods, services, and technologies that were illegal to be sold in the country. The goods that were sanctioned were in a number of categories. Like nuclear materials, facilities, and equipment, special materials and related equipment, processing materials, electronics, sensors and lasers, navigation and avionics, and aerospace and propulsion. The sanctions also applied to software and technology that are required to produce the goods in the previous categories.
The goal of all these sanctions is to ensure that North Korea does not produce nuclear weapons. In a statement, the EU said that it believed that lasting peace in the Korean Peninsula must be achieved by peaceful means. The EU expressed that diplomatic processes must be the only way to achieve peace and prosperity in the Peninsula.
These sanctions came at a time when Donald Trump has been trying to persuade the Kim regime to give up the nuclear weapons in exchange of prosperity. While Kim has expressed readiness for talks, he has insisted that the heavy sanctions be removed first.